In Ramsar (Iran) city 1971 the Convention was enacted on "Damp areas of international importance, especially residence of water fowls".
World Consumer Rights Day was first observed on 15 March 1983, and has since become an important occasion for mobilizing citizen action. Two years later, the consumer’s rights were finally elevated to a position of international recognition and legitimacy, when on April 9, 1985, the United Nations’ General Assembly adopted the general guidelines of consumer protection, following a decade long hard lobbying, by the consumer’s international, and other consumer rights group. The guidelines embrace the principles of the eight consumer rights and provide a framework for strengthening national consumer protection polices. The adaptation of guidelines promotes international cooperation in this field.
Every year on March 22 one of the establishments of UNO is appointed as a coordinator of measures organized in the framework of World Water Day all over the world. Every year the measures devoted to Water Day are organized on new subjects in order to represent the verity of water recourses. Our daily life depends on water. But in human’s consciousness the importance of water has been decreased. Water has become consumer good and very often we neglect this. In different parts of world the attitude to water and its use is different. It depends on traditions, local habits and social values.
Since 1961, 23 of March have celebrated as the World Meteorological Day.
On 1st of April, 906 the International Convention about the protection of birds was signed. From 1600 approximately 100 species of birds disappeared from planet. At present many species of birds are on the verge of extinction or at least feel the danger of disappearance. Many countries have laws about saving of birds of passage and participate in international agreements. Not hunters appear to be serious danger for birds but the peaceful types of human activities, such as: sky-scraper, TV towers and other high buildings, which are deadly prohibition for birds of passage. Oil leakage in seas ruins many waterfowls. Less important danger appeared to be environmental pollution.
Geologist’s Day is a professional holiday of geologists, which traditionally is celebrated on first Sunday of April. That was established by the order of Supreme Council Chairmanship of SSRU on 31 of March, 1966 as a memory of soviet geologists’ conquests. It’s said, that the Sunday of April had been chosen as a holiday, cause Geological hikes are often organized in the middle of April. Geologist’s Day is celebrated in every geological and industrial organizations of previous Soviet Union. Besides geologists this day is professional holiday for surveyors, exploders, workers of mine and that entire people, who are occupied with revelation and extraction of useful minerals, whose works are related with difficult works of struggles with nature for natural resources
On April 7 the whole world celebrated World Health Day
leaved for Nebraska province. Boundless prerians with lonely trees wind and sun, from which it was not possible to hide and the dried soil made Morton to think of planting of greenery. He suggested to establish the day devoted to planting of greenery and to give prizes to those people who has planted the most amount of trees. Since 1882, 22 of April have been announced the official holiday of planting of greenery.
Since 1970 during the celebration of the “Earth Day” great importance has given to environment protection, eco-education and eco-light.
26 of April is the Remembrance Day of Victims in Radiation Accidents and Disasters. Disaster of Chernobil is the biggest disaster according to his rates all over the world due to his damage and negative consequences to society, environment, industry and social sphere. Wide territories were polluted by long-lived radioactive substances, the negative influence of which reverberated on human and environment for many years and decades.
On December 20, 2000 Main Assembly of UN announced May 22, /the day when the Convention of Biodiversity was enacted/ as “International Biodiversity Day”. /Resolution 55/201/. www.cbd.int/ibd/2007/
On May 31 World Health Organization announced “No Tobacco Day”. Representatives of World Health Organization consider that even the heavy smokers can do without tobacco at least a day. According to the experts of World Health organization there are more than 1 billion 300 million smokers, but as to the sociologists cooperated with World Health Organization in 2025 the amount of smokers will increase about 400 million, all over the world. Doctors confirm, that the diseases, which arise as a result of smoking about 5 million people die out. www.who.int/tobacco/communications/events/wntd/2006/en/
In 1972 Main Assembly of UN announced June 5th International day of Environment, which became one of the important holidays of International environmental calendar and every year it is celebrated in more than in hundred countries. www.unep.org/wed/2007/english/
One third of the Earth surface is subject to desertification and land degradation that create a real threat to the livelihood and welfare of about 1 milliard people. Due to the long periods of draught, starvation and impoverishment for many of them there remains only one solution – to leave the place of their residence. At present, the number of desertification eco-migrants is already 24 million people. By the year of 2050, this number may reach 200 million.
Since the Conference of Rio de Janeiro in 1992 a new approach to tackle desertification has been proposed, emphasizing action to promote sustainable development at the community level. In this framework the UN General Assembly established an Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to prepare a Convention to Combat Desertification, which was finally adopted in Paris on 17 June 1994 and entered into force on 26 December 1996.
The aim of the Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in those countries experiencing serious drought/or desertificationis through effective action at all levels, supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.
Republic of Armenia is full and equal member of UNO Convention on Combat Desertification.
The Japanese city of Hiroshima remembers the USA nuclear attack with the traditional ringing of commemorative bells, with white doves released into the sky, and a minute of silence. Exactly at 8:15 the Peace Bell rings in Hiroshima / exactly at this hour in 1945, on August 6, the US Air Force dropped an atomic bomb on the city, killing 221,893 people. In the second half of the twentieth century, the planet's society faced with a serious problem. International organizations began to declare more strongly that the country's authorities should reconsider their positions, calling on developed humanity to do everything possible to protect the world from destruction. The stock of nuclear weapons is so large that it can destroy several planets larger than the Earth. Political and non-governmental organizations in many countries demanded a ban on the further accumulation of deadly bombs.
In 1994 Main Assembly of UN announced September 5th International day of Ozone Layer Protection. www.unep.fr/ozonaction/events/ozoneday/index.htm%20%20http://ozone.unep.org/Public_Information/index.asp
In October 4 World Day of Animals is celebrated all over the world. On this day in 1226 died Saint Francisk Asiz: “The sponsor and protector of our little brothers: beasts and birds”. His tender-hearted treatment to all alive creatures, his ability to feel their pain more then his own has become him Saint and all over the world people worshiped him. The prize named Saint Francisk is given for having a big merit in nature protection sphere. The decision to celebrate the International Day of Animal Protection was enacted in 1931 in Florence during International Congress of nature protection supporters. In that day the organizations of animal protection in many countries announced their agreement to celebrate this day every year to organize various mass measures to bring up sense of responsibility towards each alive creature among people.
October 14 is International Day of Natural Disaster danger Mitigation. First time it was celebrated according to the resolution of Main Assembly of UN on December 22, 1989: in frame of International decade of Natural Disaster danger reduction. In 1999 Main Assembly decided to celebrate second Wednesday of October of every year as international holiday. This will support the creature of global culture of reduction of natural disasters dangers and will support the prevention of natural disasters and the reduction of their reactions and being ready to that phenomena.
Stressing the importance of promoting the culture of Energy and Resources Saving within the society SPARE (School project of Application and Energy) declared November 11 as an International Day of Energy Saving on 2008. Since then around 20 countries of the world are celebrating the International Day of Energy Saving by organizing press conferences for Media, flesh-mobs, charity concerts, meetings, exhibitions, competitions and other events. Energy saving is a life style that can dramatically foster, both to our immediate and the whole Planet's environmental problems. Explore more: www.spareworld.org.